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What is a Lithograph?
The answer is more than a yes or no. I would like to approach the answer to your question assuming you don't have much information about the difference between hand lithograph and offset lithography. This way I can give a more complete answer.
What is a Collagraph Print
When a hand lithograph is made the artist draws directly on the printing element. (stone, aluminum, Mylar, etc.) From this drawing the prints are inked and pulled. One drawing for each different color. Each print records the unique mark of the artist and their hand.
When prints are made using offset lithography, an original (painting, drawing, watercolor etc.) is taken to a commercial printer. The printer photographs the original and then converts all the colors into a combination of 4. (Red, Yellow, Blue, and Black) A negative is made for each of these colors and a photographic plate is prepared for printing. They are run, usually all at once on large high speed presses. The mark of the artist is lost in the translation from original to photograph and then
color separation. Depending on the printer, colors can vary drastically from the original.
Description: Stones Crayons.
Is digital printing considered Fine-Art?
Collagraphy (sometimes spelled collography) was introduced in 1955 by Glen Alps and is a printmaking process in which materials are applied to a rigid substrate (such as paperboard or wood). The word is derived from the Greek word koll or kolla, meaning glue, and graph, meaning the activity of drawing.
The plate can be intaglio-inked, inked with a roller or paintbrush or some combination thereof. Ink or pigment is applied to the resulting collage and the board is used to print onto paper or another material using either a printing press or various hand tools. The resulting print is termed a collagraph. Substances such as carborundum, acrylic texture mediums, sandpapers, textiles, bubble wrap, string or other fibers, cut card, leaves and grass can all be used in creating the collagraph plate. In some instances, leaves can be used as a source of pigment by rubbing them onto the surface of the plate.
Different tonal effects and vibrant colours can be achieved with the technique due to the depth of relief and differential inking that results from the collagraph plate's highly textured surface. Collagraphy is a very open printmaking method. Ink may be applied to the upper surfaces of the plate with a brayer for a relief print, or ink may be applied to the entire board and then removed from the upper surfaces but remain in the spaces between objects, resulting in an intaglio print. A combination of both intaglio and relief methods may also be employed. A printing press may or may not be used.
Fine art prints are often printed from digital files using archival quality inks and onto acid free fine art paper.
What is Mural Painting?
When looking for a print that will last for decades then alway choose a paper that is acid free. It is the acid content in many papers that makes them turn yellow, brittle & crack over time. Our papers are all acid free and made with 100% cotton fibres, this ensures that your print will look as good in many years time as it did the day it was printed.
The printers used for fine art printing are high end machines usually with 8 or 12 ink colourants and therefore have a very large colour gamut. These colours when mixed together are able to produce millions of different colours. They have a colour range than is much larger than your typical large format printer.
Digital files suitable for fine art printing can be in a variety of formats such as those produced by digital cameras, scanners or computer programs such as Adobe Photoshop.
When creating such digital files it is important to ensure that the image is suitable for printing at the required size. For optimum results the images would need to be 300 dpi at the required print size, although if it is a very good quality image then you can often get away with 150 dpi and sometimes less.
Citation: Fine Art Printing (A1 Posters & Laminators)
A mural is any piece of artwork painted or applied directly on a wall, ceiling or other permanent surfaces. A distinguishing characteristic of mural painting is that the architectural elements of the given space are harmoniously incorporated into the picture.
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Some wall paintings are painted on large canvases, which are then attached to the wall (e.g., with camouflager), but the technique has been in common use since the late 19th century
Murals of sorts date to Upper Paleolithic times such as the cave paintings in the Lubang Jeriji Saléh cave in Borneo (40,000-52,000 BP), Chauvet Cave in Ardèche department of southern France (around 32,000 BP). Many ancient murals have been found within ancient Egyptian tombs (around 3150 BC), the Minoan palaces (Middle period III of the Neopalatial period, 1700–1600 BC), the Oxtotitlán cave and Juxtapose in Mexico (around 1200-900 BC) and in Pompeii (around 100 BC – AD 79).
In modern times, the term became more well known with the Mexican muralism art movement (Diego Rivera, David Siqueiros and José Orozco). There are many different styles and techniques. The best-known is probably fresco, which uses water-soluble paints with a damp lime wash, rapid use of the resulting mixture over a large surface, and often in parts (but with a sense of the whole). The colors lighten as they dry. The marouflage method has also been used for millennial.
Murals today are painted in a variety of ways, using oil or water-based media. The styles can vary from abstract to trompe-l'œil (a French term for "fool" or "trick the eye"). Initiated by the works of mural artists like Graham Rust or Rainer Maria Latzke in the 1980s, trompe-l'oeil painting has experienced a renaissance in private and public buildings in Europe. Today, the beauty of a wall mural has become much more widely available with a technique whereby a painting or photographic image is transferred to poster paper or canvas which is then pasted to a wall surface (see wallpaper, Frescography) to give the effect of either a hand-painted mural or realistic scene.
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